If everything goes as planned, Indian Railways will be transformed into ‘Green Railways’ by 2030. The railways has taken a number of initiatives toward combating climate change and mitigation of global warming to achieve this goal.

The Ministry of Railways released a statement regarding this, stating some of the steps taken as part of the strategy to achieve net-zero carbon emission. The measures include electrification of the railways, improving energy efficiency of locomotives, trains, and fixed installations, acquiring green certification for stations/installations, fitting bio-toilets in coaches, and switching to renewable sources of energy.

At present, 100 Mega Watt (MW) of solar plants have been commissioned on roof-tops of various buildings, along with 900 stations. Further, solar plants with a combined capacity of 400 MW are reported to be under different stages of execution. To achieve this, tenders have already been awarded for 245 MW, and it is likely that it will be accomplished by December 2022.

Indian Railways hopes to become world’s first ‘Green Railway’ by 2030; to be more planet-friendly

In its statement, the Indian Railway stated that it has already completed electrification of more than 40000 Route km (RKM), in which 18605 km electrification work has been completed during 2014-20. During 2009 – 2014, only 3835 km electrification work was completed. Indian Railways had fixed electrification target of 7000 RKM for the year 2020-21, whereas it has been planned that all routes on BG (Broad Gauge) network will be electrified by December 2023.

The railways is now focussing on electrification of last-mile connectivity and fixing the missing links. Amid the COVID-19 crisis, 365 km major connectivity work has also been commissioned, and a number of initiatives have been taken to boost solar energy.

Apart from this, Indian Railways is also trying to produce power from land-based solar installations for running trains.

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